THE Minnesota State Board of Health has broken new ground in passing the resolution not to enforce quarantine against smallpox after Jan. 1, 1908. The reason for the resolution appears to be that many persons, trusting to quarantine regulations, neglect or refuse to be vaccinated, and the health officers believe that with universal vaccination and no quarantine there would be practically no smallpox, whereas quarantine succeeds but poorly in repressing the disease. It is said that where vaccination is universal, as in Prussia, even the milder type of varioloid is unknown. The resolution does not necessarily contemplate the abolition of placards, yellow flags, and warning notices. All it provides is that personal liberty shall not be restricted. This resolution has probably resulted from the activity of the anti-vaccinationists who seem to fear smallpox less than they do the milder disease, vaccinia.