Printed in “As We See It”

Antityphoid Vaccination

A COMMISSION appointed by the Paris Academy of Medicine has reported:—

“There are grounds for recommending the voluntary employment of antityphoid vaccination as a rational and practical method of diminishing, by a sensible proportion, the frequency and gravity of typhoid fever in France and in the French colonies. This recommendation is addressed to all whose profession, whose usual or accidental methods of alimentation, whose daily or frequent association with the sick or with bacillus carriers, expose them to direct or indirect contagion by the bacillus of typhoid fever.”

Public Health Reports, in quoting this recommendation, is careful to state that though vaccination is useful under certain circumstances,—

“it should not lessen the precautions at the bedside; the disinfection of typhoid excreta in the household; the keeping of water-supplies, both private and public, free from contamination; the purification of public water-supplies where indicated; and the supervision of the production and sale of milk and other food-stuffs.”

Printed in “News Notes”

Smallpox in the United States.— A notable fact regarding smallpox in the United States during the last ten years, is its unusual mildness; but in 1910 there was a marked increase in the number of cases in many of the States, and in some of the States the disease assumed the virulent type. From this fact it is reasoned that the mild type of the past ten years is not due to the protective effect of vaccination, but to a milder type of “germ.”

Printed in “News Notes”

Antityphoid Vaccination. — Major-General Leonard Wood has issued an order making compulsory the vaccination of all officers and privates under forty-five years of age in the United States army.